Who is most likely to get TB?
Some people are more likely to be infected with the latent form of TB. These include:
- persons who were born in a foreign country with high rates of TB
- persons who have lived in a foreign country with high rates of TB
- persons who have spent time with someone with active TB disease
- persons who live or spend a lot of time in crowded places
Some people who are infected with latent TB have a greater risk of progressing to active TB disease. These include:
- persons who became infected with TB in the last 2 years
- children under 5 years of age
- new immigrants from countries with high rates of TB - persons who have been in the United States for less than 5 years
- persons with weakened immune systems
- persons with certain kinds of lung disease, such as silicosis
- persons with diabetes
- persons who have had stomach or bowel surgery
- persons who take certain medications for arthritis
- persons who take prednisone or other steroids for extended periods of time
- persons who have had cancer of the head, neck or leukemia
- persons with end stage renal disease
- persons who are extremely underweight (10% or more below ideal body weight)
- persons with an abnormal chest x-ray suggestive of old healed TB disease
- persons who had TB disease in the past but did not receive adequate treatment
- persons with HIV infection. Persons with HIV infection have the greatest risk of progressing to active TB disease.
Last modified on 01/12/2015
NOTICE: The Washoe County Health District will be changing its name to Northern Nevada Public Health on Aug. 31, 2023. That move will result in major design changes (look and feel) to the website, a new URL (NNPH.org), a new logo and more. More information on the change will be available soon.